Jodhpur was founded in 1459 by Rao Jodhaji, who was the Chief of the Rathore Rajputs and ruler of Marwar. Jodhpur was to become one of the wealthiest cities of the Rajputanas, capitalizing on its central location on the Delhi-Gujarat trade route which is guarded by one of the most impermeable forts that exist. Today, Jodhpur is the second largest city of Rajasthan and much of its houses situated within its old city walls are seen painted with the same light blue hue that has earned Jodhpur the nickname of the “Blue City.” This is where you can scout through a crowded maze of narrow medieval streets and ancient bazaars, where life appears to be much as it been for centuries.
Towering above the city is the majestic fort of Mehrangarh, known for its impenetrable walls that rise elegantly from the rocky boulder on which it was built. From its fortified ramparts, you can enjoy spectacular views of the primeval blue city below and, in the distance, you can catch a postcard view of the grand silhouette of the Umaid Bhawan Palace, residence of the present Maharaja, now converted into a grand heritage hotel. A classic Rajput palace stands quietly within this fort, which is now converted into one of the best-laid museums that artfully displays the accumulated accessories of the imperial house of Rathore, preserved carefully within royal apartments.